网页扫描二维码库:Html5-Qrcode

xiaohai 2024-06-18 08:29:35 315人围观 标签: js 
简介网页扫描二维码库:Html5-Qrcode,官网地址:https://scanapp.org/html5-qrcode-docs/

文档地址:Hello from ScanApp | ScanApp

下面内容为官方文档内容,这里做一个备注,要使用网页调用摄像头功能,网站的地址一定是https才可以。

Getting started

Let's discover html5-qrcode in less than 5 minutes.

Setup the library

You can get started using npm, if you don't use npm in your project checkout the next section.

Install using npm

npm install --save-dev html5-qrcode

Include minified Javascript directly

If you are not using any loader, you can get the latest UMD javascript code in production from https://unpkg.com/html5-qrcode .

<script src="https://unpkg.com/html5-qrcode" type="text/javascript">
In case you installed the plugin using npm but still use javascript without any module loader, you can get the minified script in node_modules/html5-qrcode/html5-qrcode.min.js

Using with module loaders

If you are building on Typescript or use module loaders in Javascript, you can include the key classes directly based on needs.

// To use Html5QrcodeScanner (more info below)
import {Html5QrcodeScanner} from "html5-qrcode";

// To use Html5Qrcode (more info below)
import {Html5Qrcode} from "html5-qrcode";

Setup a target HTML container

In your web application, implement an HTML container element like <div> element. The library will render the QR scanning UI in this HTML container.

<div id="reader" width="600px"></div>
Ideally do not set the height of this container as the height should depend on the height of the video feed from the camera. The library would honor the existing width, otherwise apply the default width. The height is derived from the aspect ratio of the video feed.

Start scanner using Javascript

Easy Mode - With end to end scanner user interface

Html5QrcodeScanner lets you implement an end to end scanner with few lines of code with the default user interface which allows scanning using the camera or selecting an image from the file system.
You can set up the scanner as follows:

function onScanSuccess(decodedText, decodedResult) {
  // handle the scanned code as you like, for example:
  console.log(`Code matched = ${decodedText}`, decodedResult);
}

function onScanFailure(error) {
  // handle scan failure, usually better to ignore and keep scanning.
  // for example:
  console.warn(`Code scan error = ${error}`);
}

let html5QrcodeScanner = new Html5QrcodeScanner(
  "reader",
  { fps: 10, qrbox: {width: 250, height: 250} },
  /* verbose= */ false);
html5QrcodeScanner.render(onScanSuccess, onScanFailure);

Pro Mode - if you want to implement your own user interface

You can use Html5Qrcode class to set up your QR code scanner (with your own user interface) and allow users to scan QR codes using the camera or by choosing an image file in the file system or native cameras in smartphones.
You can use the following APIs to fetch camera, start scanning and stop scanning.

For using inline QR Code scanning with Webcam or Smartphone camera

Start Scanning

To get a list of supported cameras, query it using static method Html5Qrcode.getCameras(). This method returns a Promise with a list of devices supported in format { id: "id", label: "label" }.

// This method will trigger user permissions
Html5Qrcode.getCameras().then(devices => {
  /**
   * devices would be an array of objects of type:
   * { id: "id", label: "label" }
   */
  if (devices && devices.length) {
    var cameraId = devices[0].id;
    // .. use this to start scanning.
  }
}).catch(err => {
  // handle err
});

Important: Note that this method will trigger user permission if the user has not granted it already.

Warning: Direct access to the camera is a powerful feature. It requires consent from the user, and your site MUST be on a secure origin (HTTPS).
Warning: Asking for access to the camera on page load will result in most of your users rejecting access to it. More info

Once you have the camera ID from device.id, start camera using Html5Qrcode#start(..). This method returns a Promise with Qr code scanning initiation.

const html5QrCode = new Html5Qrcode(/* element id */ "reader");
html5QrCode.start(
  cameraId, 
  {
    fps: 10,    // Optional, frame per seconds for qr code scanning
    qrbox: { width: 250, height: 250 }  // Optional, if you want bounded box UI
  },
  (decodedText, decodedResult) => {
    // do something when code is read
  },
  (errorMessage) => {
    // parse error, ignore it.
  })
.catch((err) => {
  // Start failed, handle it.
});
You can optionally set another argument in constructor called verbose to print all logs to console
const html5QrCode = new Html5Qrcode("reader", /* verbose= */ true);
Scanning without cameraId

In mobile devices you may want users to directly scan the QR code using the back camera or the front camera for some use cases. For such cases you can avoid using the exact camera device ID that you get from Html5Qrcode.getCameras(). The start() method allows passing constraints in place of camera device ID similar to html5 web API syntax. You can start scanning like mentioned in these examples:

const html5QrCode = new Html5Qrcode("reader");
const qrCodeSuccessCallback = (decodedText, decodedResult) => {
    /* handle success */
};
const config = { fps: 10, qrbox: { width: 250, height: 250 } };

// If you want to prefer front camera
html5QrCode.start({ facingMode: "user" }, config, qrCodeSuccessCallback);

// If you want to prefer back camera
html5QrCode.start({ facingMode: "environment" }, config, qrCodeSuccessCallback);

// Select front camera or fail with `OverconstrainedError`.
html5QrCode.start({ facingMode: { exact: "user"} }, config, qrCodeSuccessCallback);

// Select back camera or fail with `OverconstrainedError`.
html5QrCode.start({ facingMode: { exact: "environment"} }, config, qrCodeSuccessCallback);

Passing the cameraId (recommended approach) is similar to

html5QrCode.start({ deviceId: { exact: cameraId} }, config, qrCodeSuccessCallback);
Stop Scanning

To stop using camera and thus stop scanning, call Html5Qrcode#stop() which returns a Promise for stopping the video feed and scanning.

html5QrCode.stop().then((ignore) => {
  // QR Code scanning is stopped.
}).catch((err) => {
  // Stop failed, handle it.
});
Note that the class is stateful and stop() should be called to properly tear down the video and camera objects safely after calling start() when the scan is over or the user intend to move on. stop() will stop the video feed on the viewfinder.

For QR Code scanning using local files or inbuilt camera on Smartphones

 

SelectorinAndroidSelectorinIOS
Taken on Pixel 3, Google Chrome
image.png
Taken on iPhone 7, Google Chrome
image.png

You can alternatively leverage QR Code scanning for local files on the device or default camera on the device. It works similar to inline QR Code scanning.
Define the HTML container and import the JavaScript library as mentioned above

<div id="reader" width="600px" height="600px"></div>
<script src="./dist/html5-qrcode.js"></script>
It's not mandatory to set the height and width of the HTML element. If provided, the library would try to honor it. If it's not set, the library would set a default width and derive the height based on the input image's aspect ratio.

Add an Input element for supporting file selection like this:

<input type="file" id="qr-input-file" accept="image/*">
<!-- 
  Or add captured if you only want to enable smartphone camera, PC browsers will ignore it.
-->

<input type="file" id="qr-input-file" accept="image/*" capture>

Find more information about this at developers.google.com.
And in JavaScript code initialize the object and attach listener like this:

const html5QrCode = new Html5Qrcode(/* element id */ "reader");
// File based scanning
const fileinput = document.getElementById('qr-input-file');
fileinput.addEventListener('change', e => {
  if (e.target.files.length == 0) {
    // No file selected, ignore 
    return;
  }

  const imageFile = e.target.files[0];
  // Scan QR Code
  html5QrCode.scanFile(imageFile, true)
  .then(decodedText => {
    // success, use decodedText
    console.log(decodedText);
  })
  .catch(err => {
    // failure, handle it.
    console.log(`Error scanning file. Reason: ${err}`)
  });
});

// Note: Current public API `scanFile` only returns the decoded text. There is
// another work in progress API (in beta) which returns a full decoded result of
// type `QrcodeResult` (check interface in src/core.ts) which contains the
// decoded text, code format, code bounds, etc.
// Eventually, this beta API will be migrated to the public API.
Note that inline scanning and file-based scanning are mutually exclusive at the moment. This means you can only use one of them at a time. I'll soon be adding support for the option to have both if the requirement comes in. If you want to use both, use html5QrCode#clear() method to clear the canvas.